Researchers recommend at least 8 hours of sleep is an essential tool for a healthy living. Still, somebody sleeps more than 10 hours a day while most of you are unable to fall asleep or stay asleep. Your office works, deadline of your project, utility bills, leasing dues and more loads of thoughts may chase your sleep. As a result, you push yourself into a destructive condition “Insomnia” (sleeplessness).
Insomnia is a condition in which an individual has trouble in falling asleep or staying asleep. Insomnia can get worse mild to severe when it left untreated. Insomnia demotes the quality of your sleep. Thus, it causes sleepy feeling all-day as it allows you to get only a nap.
- If you have this problem for a month now and at least 3 nights in a week, your insomnia is in chronic condition.
- Acute insomnia lasts for a short time only.
- Primary Insomnia: Less spread insomnia. Lasts for a shorter period of time, may be 03 weeks.
It’s not triggered by another medical condition or medicines. But, in contrast, lifestyle changes including work schedule alteration, early bed and/or emotional stress, can prompt primary insomnia. If you reorganize your rudiments of healthy living which you had earlier, may mend your primary insomnia. But, you will have to try hard to make habitual changes adopted during insomnia.
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Most widely spreading type of insomnia. There are some causes for secondary insomnia like medicines, diseases, substances and other sleep disorders. Conditions that cause secondary insomnia include Alzheimer’s disease, Arthritis, Asthma, Heart Failure and Stroke. And also Menopause and hot flashes can take part in causing secondary insomnia.
Furthermore, some medicines those prescribe for Asthma, Heart diseases and some allergic medicines besides commonly used substances like caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol also play its role in causing secondary insomnia.
The primary sign of insomnia is disturbances in sleeping hours. You may experience difficulty in falling asleep and/or staying asleep. Thus you have to spend a lot of hours awaken on a bed. Sleep a shorter period and have to loiter whole day with sleepiness. This state can lead you to cause an accident if you drive. Even some older people may fall down. Once you notice any abnormalities or disturbances in your sleepiness, consult with your doctor as early as possible to avoid further disaster.
Since insomnia can be a symptom of any other diseases. There is no any lab test to diagnose insomnia as it is not a disease. Once you approach your doctor with symptoms of insomnia, he/she will ask you for medical and sleep history whether you have any alternation in your formal activities or consumed any substances/medicines. Having said the causes for insomnia, your doctor needs to clarify his/her doubts about your symptoms in terms of, are the symptoms of any other conditions?. So, you have to clearly explain your symptoms and take part in design an apt treatment.
Though insomnia is not a disease, there are some treatments options have been designed to fall asleep. First step before start the treatment for insomnia is to identify the cause. If any other triggering factors for insomnia are found, eliminate those factors will be the best treatment to go with. Still, some medicines are available at market lifestyle change is the first treatment option for insomnia. Like, reorganize sleeping hours, habits, exercise, working schedule and try to minimize traveling.
On the other hand, Cognitive-behavioral therapy can improve the quality of your sleep by make you think healthy. Apart from these long-term solution for insomnia, some pills are being prescribed for a short period. Sleep pills can cause some side effects and addiction effects.
Here are some sleeping pills
- Benzodiazepines – Diazepam, Lorazepam
- Quazepam – Need a prescription and this helps you fall asleep/ stay asleep
- Non- Benzodiazepines – Zaleplon, Zolpidem, Zopiclone, and Eszopiclone
- Antidepressants – Like Amitriptyline and Dexepin
- Antihistamines – though these are used for allergies, can be used as sleeping pills like Diphenhydramine Complication of insomnia is clearly notified with daytime sleepiness.
Just imagine, if you sleep during daytime, you lose your healthy life, become lazy and sometimes you will get infected more often. As a quality of sleepiness effects your healthy living directly, you have to be very attentive to your sleeping behavior.